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Indian Medicine
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According to Virgil Vogel in his book, American Indian Medicine, Native Americans were far more advanced in the medical field than most have ever imagined. Listed below are some of the medical advancements of Native Americans.

Hemostats: Hemostats are instruments or medicines used to stem the flow of blood either internal or external. The Aztec developed a number of hemostats that were very effective even compared with today's standards. Some North American Indians used spider webs to stem the flow of blood. The Chickasaw used alum in the treatment of wounds.The Catawba Indians used a powder made from dried, rotten corn kernels to stop bleeding. During the 20th century Americans finally admitted corn smut into the official American pharmacopoeia. For more information see Encyclopedia of American Indian Contributions to the World by Emory Dean Keoke and Kay Marie Porterfield, listed under Hemostats.